The monuments of Kos
A wide range of ancient and historical monuments offer the opportunity to travelers to discover and explore the cultural heritage of Kos island. Undeniably, the Asclepieion, in Kos Town, is the most critical archaeological site of the island that was used as a shrine of worship for Asclepius, the God of Medicine. Many historians consider that the Asclepieion was the greatest hospital in Ancient Greece, where Hippocrates received his medical education and training.
Since Kos Town was once a historical city that flourished, a series of monuments showcase its rich history. The Ancient Agora, one of the most important commercial centers of its time, the Roman Odeon, which was used as the headquarters of the local senate and a venue for musical concerts, and the Ancient Stadium, an outstanding monument of the 2nd century BC where athletes used to practice, that stands in pieces and remains, stand like memorials of this great past.
As an island that was conquered by various intruders, Kos is a land of castles. From the well-preserved Castle of Neratzia, in Kos Town, an impregnable fortress that was constructed from the Knights of Saint John in the 14th century, and the medieval Castle of Antimachia village that served as a jail for convicted knights, to the ruins of the Byzantine Kefalos Castle with its spectacular views, the fortifications of Kos island truly inspire.
Other monuments worth visiting include Casa Romana, a replica of Pompeii’s houses architectural style, the magnificent Lozia Mosque, a true specimen of Ottoman architecture, and the 2,500-years-old Tree of Hippocrates, one of the oldest trees in Europe planted from Hippocrates himself.
Culture seekers thirsty for new experiences should definitely visit the Archaeological Museum that displays a vast collection of exhibits from the Hellenistic period as well as a spectacular statue of Hippocrates while Antimachia’s Stone House is also a must-visit, where travelers will learn about the folklore tradition of the local inhabitants. Hippocrates Cultural Center, though, steals all the glory; a compelling reproduction of a 5th-century Greek settlement, this landmark revives the way of living in Ancient Greece.